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Rafał Pytko

Where does the biogas market stand in Poland?
Biogas and biomethane play a vital role in EU regulations and thus also in the Polish legal system. The accelerating energy transition resulting in billions of dollars of investment in weather-dependent renewable energy sources also requires balancing energy production with controllable sources, among which biogas looms large. Biogas and biomethane production is also a key arc of the circular economy and the greening of agriculture supported by EU legislation—especially in times of turmoil on the market for natural gas from fossil sources.
Where does the biogas market stand in Poland?
Amendments to the Nuclear Special Act and the Atomic Law
On 13 April 2023, an amendment to the Nuclear Special Act entered into force. After a legislative process lasting almost two years, the prior rules for development of nuclear facilities in Poland were revised, along with changes to the Atomic Law.
Amendments to the Nuclear Special Act and the Atomic Law
The European Hydrogen Bank: Will the EU finance the hydrogen revolution?
Hydrogen has long been mentioned in EU strategies as a key resource for the energy transition. But so far a major obstacle has been the high cost of producing renewable hydrogen. This is likely to change with Ursula von der Leyen’s initiative to establish a European Hydrogen Bank, announced on 14 September 2022 during the 2022 State of the Union address and outlined in concrete plans in March 2023.
The European Hydrogen Bank: Will the EU finance the hydrogen revolution?
Rules for siting of onshore wind farms liberalised
On 13 March 2023, the President of Poland signed an amendment to the “10H Act,” setting the minimum distance of a wind power plant from residential buildings at 700 metres (over calls by power generators, industry organisations and many local governments that it should be 500 m). This means that the years-long struggle to liberalise the infamous “10H rule” has been half-successful.
Rules for siting of onshore wind farms liberalised
Hydrogen regulations headed for public consultation
On 21 October 2022, a draft act to amend the Energy Law and certain other acts was published on the website of the Government Legislation Centre, implementing the Polish Hydrogen Strategy. The proposal aims to create a stable regulatory environment for the hydrogen market in Poland.
Hydrogen regulations headed for public consultation
Renewable energy sources support system: Prices and volumes for renewables at auctions in 2022–2027
The first draft of the regulation on the maximum amount and value of electricity from renewable energy sources that may be auctioned in calendar years 2022–2027 in Poland was published on 5 July 2022. It is the first time such a regulation covers six consecutive years. This follows from the amendment to the Renewable Energy Sources Act spurred by industry voices asserting that announcing these values further in advance would allow developers to better prepare for the auction and thus offer more competitive prices.
Renewable energy sources support system: Prices and volumes for renewables at auctions in 2022–2027
Europe free from Russian gas supplies by 2030
2021 witnessed a record increase in wholesale energy prices (in Poland, by almost 100%) and prices for EU ETS emission allowances (by about 105% compared to 2020). Additionally, a sharp increase in natural gas market prices (in Poland, by 470% compared to 2020) has made energy poverty a common phenomenon in Europe. The European Union has presented a set of tools to temporarily mitigate the effects of rising energy prices. However, the events of recent months, in particular Russia’s full-scale invasion on Ukraine, have shown that alongside the green transition, the EU’s priority should be to become less dependent on Russian fossil fuels.
2021 witnessed a record increase in wholesale energy prices (in Poland, by almost 100%) and prices for EU ETS emission allowances (by about 105% compared to 2020). Additionally, a sharp increase in natural gas market prices (in Poland, by 470% compared to 2020) has made energy poverty a common phenomenon in Europe. The European Union has presented a set of tools to temporarily mitigate the effects of rising energy prices. However, the events of recent months, in particular Russia’s full-scale invasion on Ukraine, have shown that alongside the green transition, the EU’s priority should be to become less dependent on Russian fossil fuels.
Europe free from Russian gas supplies by 2030
The new EU Battery Regulation
In Europe and worldwide, the battery market is undergoing revolutionary changes. The World Economic Forum predicts that global demand for batteries will be 14 times greater in 2030 than it is today. This means that the number of plants producing them must increase significantly. In 2030, the European Union could account for 17% of the global market demand for batteries. Among other things, this is influenced by the growth of the digital economy, low-carbon mobility, and renewable energy. The number of problems related to battery production and unregulated issues has inspired the European Commission to make decisive changes in European law, the effects of which will be felt not only by the battery industry but also directly by consumers.
The new EU Battery Regulation
Polish Hydrogen Strategy for 2030
On 7 December 2021, the Polish government officially announced its Polish Hydrogen Strategy for 2030 with a view to 2040. The announcement came at a perfect time, amid price turbulence on the natural gas market in Europe and growing doubts whether natural gas (of which Europe has too little) is still a reasonable transition fuel for decarbonisation of the economy.
Polish Hydrogen Strategy for 2030
Energy regulator announces renewables auction results
On 25 June 2021, the president of Poland’s Energy Regulatory Office announced the results of the May/June 2021 auctions for sale of renewable energy. Unlike in previous years, the results of all auctions announced in 2021 were released on one day.
Energy regulator announces renewables auction results
A chance for a resurgence of onshore wind power investments in Poland
The long-awaited rules for construction of wind farms have been announced. On 4 May 2021, a bill to amend the Act on Wind Power Plant Projects (aka the “Distance Act” or “10H Act”) was published on the Government Legislation Centre website. Its adoption may once again stimulate the growth of wind power, which not long ago was the most dynamic branch of renewable energy sources in Poland.
A chance for a resurgence of onshore wind power investments in Poland
On-site generation of industrial electricity and heat: What should plants know before investing in their own energy sources?
The rising costs of electricity and CO2 emission allowances are prompting an increasing number of businesses to consider investing in their own generation sources, including renewable energy sources. However, such an investment involves not only the purchase of appropriate equipment and finding a contractor. It also requires meeting a number of regulatory obligations and ensuring that the operations of the source are supported after it is placed in service.
On-site generation of industrial electricity and heat: What should plants know before investing in their own energy sources?