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Cheaper requests for conciliation
New rules for payment of court fees on requests for conciliation in Polish civil proceedings have been in effect since 28 September 2023. The parliament has heavily reduced the fees to make the institution more attractive, after it ceased to interrupt the limitations period but only suspends it.
Cheaper requests for conciliation
Investment property and tax expenses
One of the challenges facing real estate companies is the limitation of claiming tax costs for depreciation on real estate, effective from 2022. Sometimes, the only way out will be tax litigation.
Investment property and tax expenses
Minimum tax on building income
The minimum tax on income from buildings in Poland was reinstated as of 2022, and the reinstatement brought with it a return of interpretive doubts making it difficult for taxpayers to apply the tax. These doubts include whether hotel services are covered by the minimum tax, and whether depreciation deductions on buildings and income from common areas should be factored in when calculating the tax.
Minimum tax on building income
The master plan
Pursuant to the 7 July 2023 amendment to the Spatial Planning and Development Act, the zoning study will be superseded by a master plan and commune development strategy. The provision imposing an obligation on communes to adopt a development strategy enters into force on 1 January 2026. Introduction of master plans is intended to vest more power in local governments in Poland in establishing policies for land use and development.
The master plan
Integrated development plan
The July 2023 amendment to Poland’s Spatial Planning and Development Act introduced a special form of local zoning plan—the integrated development plan. It grants communes and investors more freedom to locate development projects, regardless of the findings of the existing local zoning plan. Ultimately, integrated development plans will replace the resolutions on siting of housing developments issued under the housing special act (such resolutions can be issued until the end of 2025). But an integrated development plan can be enacted for any type of project, not just residential projects.
Integrated development plan
The urban register and instruments of public participation
The recent overhaul of the Planning and Spatial Development Act tidied up and streamlined the planning procedure. In addition to revolutionary changes, such as replacement of the zoning study with the master plan and commune development strategy, as well as introduction of integrated development plans as a special type of local zoning plan prepared at the initiative of private investors, a nationwide urban planning register was introduced, and the catalogue of tools for public participation in land use and development issues was expanded.
The urban register and instruments of public participation
How to determine land development conditions
The amendment to the Spatial Planning and Development Act will change a lot when it comes to determining land development conditions in Poland. Therefore, especially in areas where no local zoning plan exists, investors planning a construction project should apply for a land development decision as soon as possible.
How to determine land development conditions
Is this the end of the revitalisation pre-emptive right in Warsaw?
There are many indications that as of 16 March 2024, the City of Warsaw will no longer be vested with a pre-emptive right to purchase real estate in the degraded area and revitalisation area of the city designated by Resolution LX/1967/2022 of 17 February 2022.
Is this the end of the revitalisation pre-emptive right in Warsaw?
The Gamedev CEO simulator
What legal traps can a developer fall into when creating a game? Find out by playing the role of Creative, Manager, Accountant or Consultant in the Gamedev CEO simulator game created by the Gaming practice at Wardyński & Partners.
The Gamedev CEO simulator
Legal Hackathon 2024 is coming soon
This year’s three-day programming marathon will be held under the theme “AI to spur legal innovation.” Participants will look for innovative solutions to help revolutionise lawyers’ work, client relations, and access to justice. Our In Principle portal is a media partner of the event.
Legal Hackathon 2024 is coming soon
The gig economy: Digital platform workers vs. personal data
In recent years, the gig economy, based on a model of flexible employment using online platforms, has grown rapidly. In the EU, it is estimated that 43 million people will be employed through such platforms in 2025. A heated discussion is underway regarding the new regulations in this sector, in particular regarding the employment model for such workers, but also about making automated decisions regarding them using various types of algorithms. What should the organisers of job platforms keep in mind in light of the GDPR? We discuss this using the example of decisions on food delivery platforms issued by the Italian Data Protection Authority.
The gig economy: Digital platform workers vs. personal data
Our unwritten constitution
A fundamental problem in any democracy is how to prevent the tyranny of the majority—when a political force gains enough public support and power to enable it to trample on the fundamental rights of its opponents (and ultimately its own supporters).
Our unwritten constitution