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Video-sharing platform services: What will change with implementation of the amended Audiovisual Media Services Directive?
14 listopada 2018 r. Parlament Europejski przyjął nowelizację dyrektywy o audiowizualnych usługach medialnych („dyrektywa AUM”). Jedną z głównych zmian jest wprowadzenie definicji usługi platformy udostępniania wideo. Kto może zostać uznany za dostawcę takiej platformy i z czym się to wiąże?
Video-sharing platform services: What will change with implementation of the amended Audiovisual Media Services Directive?
Tech versus virus: Contact tracing
The battle with the coronavirus is dynamically entering another phase. After the initial shock, we are realising that technology may have a crucial impact on the rate of return to a somewhat more normal life. This doesn’t mean just biotech. Solutions keeping the virus under relative control until effective vaccines reach the market can prove just as important.
Tech versus virus: Contact tracing
Marketing initiatives in corporate groups in the context of personal data protection
Designing marketing initiatives in an organisation so they comply with the regulations, including data protection rules, can be problematic. The situation becomes even more complicated if marketing for several companies within a group is carried out by one of the companies, designated through informal internal arrangements (often without concluding any contracts).
Marketing initiatives in corporate groups in the context of personal data protection
Fines for installing cookies without the user’s consent
Cookies and similar technologies are commonly used marketing tools enabling optimisation of marketing campaigns and more effective targeting of customers. So it comes as no surprise that it’s hard to find a website without a popup window informing users that the site uses cookies, referring the user to the privacy policy and cookies policy for more information. Interestingly, a great majority of these messages are themselves inconsistent with the applicable regulations on data protection, telecommunications, and electronic services.
Fines for installing cookies without the user’s consent
Italian court says Facebook isn’t free
An interesting ruling has been handed down in Italy in a case involving Facebook’s violation of the collective interests of consumers and data protection. The court held, contrary to common opinion and the social media site itself, that Facebook is not free.
Italian court says Facebook isn’t free
Websites of private joint-stock company or joint-stock limited partnership
Does a company or limited partnership have to have its own website? Does it have to operate the site itself? What information must be posted there? Practical pointers under the amended Commercial Companies Code
Websites of private joint-stock company or joint-stock limited partnership
Money laundering from a compliance perspective
Money laundering and financing of terrorism have become a source of major risks in business operations over recent years. On one hand, businesses are exposed to the risk that their services may be used for money laundering, and on the other hand they are increasingly targeted by strict AML regulations, where noncompliance can carry stiff sanctions.
Money laundering from a compliance perspective
Verification of age to access pornographic content
An anti-obscenity association issued a proposal for an Act on Protection of Minors against Pornographic Content on 16 December 2019. It has gained the official support of the Family Council, which recommended to the Prime Minister that the proposal be adopted for further legislative work. The Minister of Family, Labour and Social Policy announced that work on the bill should conclude in the first half of 2020. The need to restrict children’s access to pornography is obvious, but the proposal has generated much controversy, mainly due to the proposed mechanism for age verification, which may invade internet users’ privacy. The proposal would also impose additional obligations on telecommunications operators, electronic service providers, and payment service providers.
Verification of age to access pornographic content
Use of an individual’s image in the media: A question of consent
A person’s image, in the sense of a physical picture of an individual, is subject to protection as a personality right and as personal data. The rule under Art. 81 of the Polish Copyright Act is that a person whose image is fixed must consent to dissemination of the image. Fixation of an image includes capturing of the whole or part of a person’s profile, through any means—photo, film, drawing, painting, or portrait—enabling identification of the person. Dissemination of an image means any form of publication, i.e. making it accessible to an unlimited set of recipients, as in the case of media access. It is irrelevant whether use of the image is aimed at generating financial gain.
Use of an individual’s image in the media: A question of consent
Rules for liability of the administrator of a website for unlawful content posted by users
Liability for content published on the internet infringing for example personal interests, industrial property rights or copyright may be imposed not only on the author of the content, but also on the administrator of the site where it was published.
Rules for liability of the administrator of a website for unlawful content posted by users
Clear path for trusted technologies in Liechtenstein
The Principality of Liechtenstein will become one of the first countries with its own act on trusted technologies, approved by the Liechtenstein parliament at the first reading on 6 June 2019.
Clear path for trusted technologies in Liechtenstein
New laws on blockchain, ICOs and cryptocurrencies in France
Following Malta and Liechtenstein, France has become the next country to introduce laws on business activity relating to blockchain, ICOs and cryptocurrencies.
New laws on blockchain, ICOs and cryptocurrencies in France