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competition

UPC may acquire Aster, but not without conditions
Poland’s competition authority has approved cable company UPC’s acquisition of rival Aster, but UPC will have to sell off part of Aster’s network in the next 18 months.
UPC may acquire Aster, but not without conditions
A year of merger bans?
When defining the relevant market for the merger of Empik and Merlin, the Polish competition authority did not give sufficient consideration to the time factor.
A year of merger bans?
PGE will not acquire Energa
Even though PGE argued that its acquisition of Energa would have positive effects, such as increased national energy security for Poland, the Polish competition authority found that any benefits would not outweigh the restrictions…
PGE will not acquire Energa
Competition authority's rules for calculating fines not binding courts
When ruling on the amount of a fine, courts should be guided by the principle of proportionality, meaning that the fine should be tied to the revenue generated on sales of products affected by unlawful practices by the seller…
Competition authority's rules for calculating fines not binding courts
Record fine for hindering competition investigation
In a decision issued on 4 November 2010, the Polish competition authority imposed a record fine of PLN 123 million on Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa sp. z o.o., operator of the Era mobile phone network, for hindering an inspection
Record fine for hindering competition investigation
Konrad Drozdowski: We strive to raise advertising standards in Poland
Interview with Konrad Drozdowski, executive director of the Polish Advertising Council
Konrad Drozdowski: We strive to raise advertising standards in Poland
When can a corporate concentration be blocked?
The Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) must be notified of intended corporate mergers and acquisitions. The president of UOKiK typically grants approval, but companies need to recognise the risk of refusal or conditional approval
When can a corporate concentration be blocked?