Krzysztof Libiszewski | In Principle

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Krzysztof Libiszewski

Control of certain investments: new protective provisions
On 19 June 2020, the Parliament adopted “Shield 4.0,” new law of great importance for M&A practice. Shield 4.0 amends the Act on Control of Certain Investments of 24 July 2015 and enters into force on 24 July 2020.
Control of certain investments: new protective provisions
Restrictions on business operations and personal freedoms relevant for business
In connection with the coronavirus epidemic, restrictions have been introduced on economic activity and personal freedoms which are unprecedented in the history of adoption and application of law in Poland since 1989. Even now it is evident that the coronavirus epidemic will touch on all sectors of the economy. The restrictions introduced so far have resulted in practically halting all activity in gastronomy, tourism, entertainment, and retail and services at shopping malls and large-format stores. [Update of 3 April 2020]
Restrictions on business operations and personal freedoms relevant for business
Will the simple stock company become the most popular corporate form in Poland?
In the current legal system, the regulations on types of companies, their bodies and manner of functioning, liability for the company’s obligations, and protection of creditors, derive in basically unaltered form from the Commercial Code of 1934. The 1990s saw the introduction of modern regulation of the capital market in Poland. The following decades led to adoption of the Commercial Companies Code, gradual harmonisation of corporate law with EU law, and introduction of regulations allowing the use of digital technology in the establishment of limited-liability companies and certain aspects of their functioning.
Will the simple stock company become the most popular corporate form in Poland?
The simple stock company
Funkcjonowanie spółek handlowych podlega ograniczeniom płynącym ze sztywnego gorsetu przepisów Kodeksu spółek handlowych. Od 1 marca 2020 r. należy się spodziewać istotnych zmian w tym względzie. Prezydent właśnie podpisał ustawę o prostej spółce akcyjnej.
The simple stock company
Legal actions of a “false” corporate body can be saved. But all of them?
On 1 March 2019, an important amendment to the Civil Code comes into force, providing for the possibility of validating actions by a “false” corporate body. Up to now, such a possibility has applied only to actions by a “false” attorney-in-fact.
Legal actions of a “false” corporate body can be saved. But all of them?
Transferring the registered office of a Polish company abroad does not require the company to be liquidated in Poland
The Court of Justice has ruled that under the EU principle of freedom of establishment, transfer of the registered office of a Polish company abroad within the European Economic Area cannot be conditioned on conducting liquidation of the company in Poland.
Transferring the registered office of a Polish company abroad does not require the company to be liquidated in Poland
Conversion of debt to equity and sale of assets as mechanisms for restructuring public companies
Can public companies and others operating on a large scale and needing to restructure their debt take advantage of in-court restructuring using the mechanisms in the Restructuring Law?
Conversion of debt to equity and sale of assets as mechanisms for restructuring public companies
Contributions to share capital in foreign currency and foreign exchange differences
With economic globalisation, foreign investors often decide to pay capital contributions to Polish companies in foreign currencies. This raises the question of how to convert these amounts into Polish currency.
Contributions to share capital in foreign currency and foreign exchange differences
Restructuring Law and amended Bankruptcy Law: Scope and essence of changes
The main provisions of the Restructuring Law of 15 May 2015 enter into force on 1 January 2016. It will serve one of the foundations of commercial law in Poland, enabling effective restructuring of insolvent enterprises.
Restructuring Law and amended Bankruptcy Law: Scope and essence of changes
Shareholder loans under the amended Bankruptcy Law
Systemic amendments to Poland’s Bankruptcy & Recovery Law enter into force on 1 January 2016.
Shareholder loans under the amended Bankruptcy Law
Corporate restructuring and creditors’ involvement in debtor’s corporate structure
Participation in the authorities of debtor companies gives creditors a greater assurance that restructuring programmes will be properly implemented, but also entails certain burdens, risks and obligations.
Corporate restructuring and creditors’ involvement in debtor’s corporate structure
Revival of the M&A market
The number of deals completed in Europe in 2013 reached the level observed in 2007.
Revival of the M&A market